Symptoms: annoying, debilitating, frustrating, irritating, problem-some, unbearable, & uncomfortable… but It’s not like you’ll die from it!
Or will you?
That really depends on your treatment!
Do nothing, and you’ll definitely live to see another day.
BUT… If you take Hormone Replacement Therapy (HTR), you need to be aware of the dangers!
Regardless of what the industry tells you, “Menopause is not a disease; it is a normal part of life. A woman’s ovaries don’t shut down at menopause. They continue to produce low levels of hormones well into a woman’s 80’s. Synthetic hormones don’t replace something that is missing when women reach menopause. They add something that is not naturally there. Women have long lived well beyond menopause into old age. Our ovaries are genetically programmed to shift gears. Women must redefine menopause as something natural. We need to make sure that we have accurate information and not wishful thinking. And we must be on our guard lest ‘vested interests’ sell us a bill of goods.” 5
A little history on ‘Menopause’
1686: Fourteen “witches” are executed at Salem – thirteen of them are menopausal women. 1
1821: A French physician named de Gardanne coins the term menopausal. 1
1872: Menopausal women are considered mentally deranged and classified by Lawson Tait, an influential physician and surgeon of London, as having incurable dementia.1
1890: Merck suggest that menopausal symptoms can be treated with wine, cannabis, opium, and a product made out of powdered ovaries.1
1933: The first estrogen replacement product marketed in the US is developed. ‘Emmenin’ is made from the urine of pregnant women, however it is costly and the search continues for a cheaper alternative. 1
So what is Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)?
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) replaces hormones, such as estrogen, that your body makes less of as a result of menopause. This ‘can help’ relieve moderate to severe symptoms, like hot flashes and night sweats.
Covered by insurance, brands like PREMARIN® by Pfizer “is one of the more commonly prescribed estrogens to treat menopausal symptoms and to ‘prevent’ osteoporosis.” 6
Pfizer’s product wording makes them sound so organic, and pure. – “obtained exclusively from natural sources.”
While that is the truth, it’s not really as natural and pure as it sounds. They didn’t obtain it from a fallen pine cone, picked off the ground, in a forest full of trees on the mountains of the Swiss Alps.
The material in ‘these’ products isn’t gathered in nature at all. It’s derived from ‘captive’ female horses, specifically from pregnant mares’ urine (PMU).
These sentient, and social equines ARE NOT willing participants.
They are prisoners, enslaved, and held in perpetual captivity.
Forced to produce under duress for years, and then sold
to the brutal slaughter industry.
A little history on PREMARIN:
1942: Ayerst receives approval for the patent of Premarin, manufactured from pregnant mare’s urine and the FDA approves it in oral table form. Soon after they merge with Wyeth Pharmaceutical .1
1965: The growth in use of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) and the HRT concept is supported by a book written by Dr. Robert Wilson titled “Feminine Forever”. Unbeknownst to the general public, he is a consultant for Wyeth.1
1977: Ayerst Laboratories – Premarin® is definitively linked to uterine cancer. Ayerst responds by adding a warning to the label but Hill and Knowlton, a public relations firm, simply attribute the cancer risk a “public relations” issue.1 Premarin® becomes the fifth most frequently prescribed drug in the US with more than 30 million prescriptions written.
1992: Premarin became the best-selling drug in the country, and it maintained its popularity through the end of the century, with about a third of those prescriptions written for women who were well past menopause”1
1997: Premarin becomes Wyeth–Ayerst’s first brand to reach $1 billion in sales.1
1997: Data from 51 epidemiological studies is published in a UK medical Journal further implicating an increased rish of breast cancer with post menopausal women using HRT drugs.1
1998: A controlled trial of menopausal women who have had heart attacks and use HRT show an increase risk of further heart attacks. The women are advised to withdraw from HRT.1
2002: Government Scientists abruptly end the HRT study – the nations largest – announcing that long term use of estrogen and progestrin significantly increase women’s risk of breast cancer, strokes and heart attacks.1
2009: A study published in the Lancet establishes that women who used Premarin with progestrin were 71% more likely to die from lung cancer that a placebo group.1
2012: Prempro Settlements to Result in $1.2B Payments for Breast Cancer. 7
2015: Pfizer/Wyeth projected sales from Premarin and Aprela, both manufactured from the waste of horses kept in brutal conditions, is estimated to exceed one billion USD.
2023: These deadly treatments are still on the market, being used by unsuspecting woman.
(For more interesting details and a full history timeline of menopause and Premarin between 1688 -2019 visit, Fund for Horse 2019)
“HRT reigned as the gold standard for menopause management — until July 2002. That’s when a bombshell hit the medical establishment. Initial results from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) — a study of some 17,000 postmenopausal women between ages 50 and 79 — revealed that a certain combination and dosage of estrogen and progestin was riskier to women’s health than anyone had understood. On this particular regimen, significantly more women were dying of heart attack, stroke, blood clots, and breast and ovarian cancer. This was a complete turnaround from what doctors had believed for more than a half-century.” (Excerpts from – AARP)
The popularity of these PMU (Pregnant Mare Urine) drugs has gone up and down like a rollercoaster since 1942. But the studies keep saying the same thing. DANGER!
Known by many names, this article started with Premarin only, and has expanded with more knowledge of more brand names and industry. They often change the names to remarket the same products, when ‘bad reports’ slow down sales.
PREMARIN by PFIZER (Conjugated Equine Estrogen, CEE) created in 1942 by Ayerst
- PREMPRO & PREMPHASE both by PFIZER (CEE And Medroxyprogesterone)
- APRELA by PFIZER (CEE) (no mention on website)
- DUAVEE by PFIZER (formerly called Aprela, approved by FDA after name change in 2013
Were you even aware of the ‘ingredients’ in your doctor’s prescribed medication?
Or were you just grateful that they made a treatment, and you never even questioned it… just thrilled there was possible relief from those annoying and irritating menopausal side effects you’ve been dealing with?
Just pop a little pill and your worries are no more!
Who wouldn’t love that?
I’ll tell you who….. THE HORSE!
Premarin: A Prescription for Cruelty
Where Premarin originates – Who is NAERIC?
North American Equine Ranching Information Council (NAERIC) is a nonprofit association representing ranchers in Canada and the
United States (formerly North Dakota) who are involved in the collection of pregnant mares’ urine (PMU) industry.
According to the website that hasn’t updated much since 1997 – “Each year, PMU mares spend approximately six months in the barns during the bitter prairie winters, and, during the rest of the year, they are turned out on hundreds, and in some cases thousands of acres of pasture.”
Sounds like those non paid, non represented working horses (non union) have a great gig! Uh…… NOPE!
WHAT THEY DON’T TELL YOU ON THE NAERIC WEBSITE – THE TRUTH OF THE MATTER
According to Last Chance For Animals 2004 (with some added links for verification of their statements)
• Pregnant mares are confined to tiny stalls for six to seven months of their eleven month pregnancy. They cannot turn around or lie down comfortably. Most stand the entire length of their confinement.
• The mares are harnessed to urine collection devices, which cause infections and painful chafing of their legs. Infected sores are often left untreated.
• The mares are fed and watered on a time released basis. They are deliberately deprived of water so estrogen in their urine is as concentrated as possible. – Freeman 1999
• Many foals born to the mares die shortly after birth, unable to survive the harsh environmental conditions. Surviving colts are considered “by-products” and are sold for slaughter.
• Many mares experience severe hoof neglect. Overgrown, curled-up hooves are common and painful. NFACC (2013). Code Of Practice p46
• Specific laws and government regulations do not apply to the treatment of mares on Premarin farms. Instead, the standard is dictated only by an inadequate code called Recommended Code of Practice for the Care and Handling of Horses in PMU Operations, which was written by Wyeth Ayerst and is poorly enforced. Thus, the horses do not have any legal protection.
• Sadly, many mares endure years of the production process until they can no longer conceive, and then are cruelly sent off to slaughter.
Health and Medical Problems Common to Mares Used in Premarin Production:
Dehydration, Hoof injuries, Leg injuries, sores, arthritis, lacerations, Reproductive organ damage, Swollen joints, Edema, Liver disorders, Kidney disorders, Premature death. – Humane Decisions
As of 2012, over a million PMU mares and their unwanted foals (a byproduct of the industry) have been slaughtered since Premarin® was first manufactured in 1942. – Gritta 2012.
It’s now 2023!
(this stall is a little wider. I believe this is the Linwood Ranch that Pfizer created ‘specifically’ as their ‘poster child’ (PMU) BARN that they show to the public. Fresh hay just in time for the ‘photo op’)
STALLS: In Canada, ‘recommendations,’ not an actual law, states they can be held in temperatures that are only 1 degree above freezing (33F/0C).8
We don’t agree! While that may be acceptable to horses that have physical movement, and sunlight (that generates heat and warmth), an idle horse (pregnant) forced to stand with no movement or activity in freezing temperatures is animal cruelty. They should not be kept in this condition!
Their stalls are only between 4×8 and 5×8. This depends on the size of the horse by pound. 8
4×8 / Up to 1300 lbs
4.5×8 / 1301 – 1700 lbs
5×8 / 1700 lbs or 16H
Stalls in other countries, without regulations, (China, Poland and Kazakhstan) may not have any requirements at all.
While it states “Every individual stall must be of sufficient size to allow each horse to lie down in a normal resting posture and step forward in comfort”8
That’s barely accommodating. Most 1300 lb horses are at least as tall as I am if we were standing head to head (probably taller), and I’m almost 6ft tall. So how can I lie down in a 4 foot box? The wording here is what matters. While the horse in image above is in a ‘normal resting’ position, she is not ‘laying’ down like the ones we see in picture below.
To fully lay down, her legs would need to be in the connecting stalls, hopefully not getting stepped on by her close neighbor. While this isn’t their most used position to rest, it is a necessary one to get their daily REM sleep (deep sleep), as discussed here.
(These images do not show the ‘Premarin horses, or pastures’. We have no pictures of the claimed ‘thousands of acres’)
Norm Luba, the executive Director from Naeric, (and also the President of the American Quarter Horse Association)“said the well-insulated barns are some of the best of their kind and that the soft rubber pouches are strung from elastic cords that allow horses to lie down in their stalls.” – Shlachter 2004
Oh, how lovely! If you call 33 degrees or colder inside, a well insulated barn!
“Urine collection begins in late fall and runs through late winter, so the mares are stabled during the winter months when the temperature often drops to minus 40 degrees outside the barns.” – Naeric
The urine collecting contraptions they must wear for 6-7 months straight.
In the wild, the urine would be a steady stream released away from their body. In captivity, it would splash in rubber pouch and end up on their vaginal areas.
I couldn’t imagine what the continuous burn from the urine must feel like against their chaffed skin as it remains month after month, without cleaning or relief. Can you?
“Mares usually produce 90 – 100 gallons of urine throughout the collection season. Contracts vary with each PMU producer, but generally the gross revenue from pregnant mare urine ranges from around $2,000 to $2,500 per mare per year. PMU farmers, the low-men on the economic totem-pole in this business, are paid up to $11.00 U.S. dollars per one gallon of PMU — about $0.00275 per gram of estrogen collected.”- Correa 2014
(The two bottom images were released by Chinese government. We note in images from www.tianshannet.com a government news station. Note how clean they are compared to other images that weren’t staged for a ‘photo op’.)
While it also states in Canada, “Every horse on an equine ranch (PMU) must be given the opportunity for turnout ‘as is necessary’ for its individual welfare ‘as determined by the rancher’.” Leaving that determination ‘up to the person’ doing the confining isn’t really one that has to be followed. Remember NAERIC’s opening line… “Each year, PMU mares spend approximately six months in the barns.” Who is doing welfare checks? No one! ”Beyond the call for an “inspection program,” adherence to these guidelines is not tracked, nor enforced.
“A former urine rancher in North Dakota, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, said pressure from animal rights groups over the years had a positive effect on conditions. It pushed Wyeth to impose an exercise program for confined mares and insist on bedding over concrete barn floors, he said”. – Shlachter 2004
Was that just for the US barns that are no longer operating?
But either way, horses are large social animals that also like to roll, frolic, run, and play. They are not designed to be imprisoned in small cramped quarters for years on end and hooked up to urine collecting gadgets so that a company can make record profits in the billions.
Horse Cruelty: the truth behind Premarin
To view an LCA video of undercover PMU investigation, click here for an automatic download archive.
While this may, or may not be the norm on the North American continent today, with so few facilities left in Canada (18-24), and none reported in USA today, at some point there were close to 500-800 PMU barns in operation, and 75,000 horses were a part of this practice. “As of 2020, there were approximately 1300 mares divided among the 18 equine ranches left in North America. The most prevalent breeds of horses found on equine ranches are registered Quarter Horses, followed by registered Percherons, Belgians, Appaloosas, and Paints.
Reported in 2015, “the industry has now expanded overseas to countries such as China where animal protection laws are seriously lacking. There are reportedly 90,000 mares currently in PMU farms in China alone.”- One Green Planet 2015.
That’s more than all of North America (Canada and US) had during its peak years when 800 facilities and 75,000 horses seemed like a lot.
While we may not know where all the images shown here were taken, or when. It clearly shows that these industry images were documented in many of the same conditions over the years. Some facilities may be better than others, and these descriptions would show the worst case scenarios. PMU industry wants you to believe this isn’t common, but the images show the reality of this industry. In 2006, Ayerst Organics Ltd., a subsidiary of Wyeth Inc., was “the world’s only producer of PMU. ”Today, generics exist, but Pfizer (and its subsidiaries) are still the main buyer, and always have been.
The By Product – Foals
What happens to foals produced on equine ranches that are under contract to produce PMU?
That really depends on who you ask.
Advocates state, “At their peak in the U.S. and Canada, industrial PMU farms produced an unbelievable 40,000 foals per year, the majority of whom were trucked away after birth or at a young age and sold to “kill buyers” for transport to slaughterhouses for meat. These foals are one of the tragic consequences of the manufacture of these drugs. Some foals—the lucky ones—are sold to horse owners and horse rescue organizations.” – Humane Decisions 2019
“The male foals are generally killed immediately after birth for their meat, while the females are used are replacement “Premarin mares” for their worn-out mothers. Those that aren’t killed immediately are sold and sent to feedlots to be fattened for slaughter; their meat is then shipped off to Japan, France, or other parts of Asia and Europe for human consumption.” – LCA. 2003
And as there is always three sides to every story, let’s see their version.
“A NAERIC spokeswoman says, “Now we are competition [for people who breed horses]. There is no monetary incentive to send a foal to slaughter.” Equus 2002
While NAERIC doesn’t like to boldly advertise the part where foals are sent to kill buyers and slaughter as stated by multiple advocate organizations who have documented it over the years. The industry uses ‘unique’ wording instead.
“Virtually all the horses are registered with traditional breed associations. The vast majority of the foals then are sold each year for a variety of purposes such as recreational riding, working ranch horses, horse shows and other competitions; others remain on ranches for future use by ranch owners.”
Going over Nareic’s statements :
Private Treaty Sales – approximately 61% (Is this the ‘foals to direct slaughter pipeline’ they’d rather not mention?) Well… it’s private so you use your best guess! (insert common sense here)
Catalogue Production Sales – approximately 32% (sold to buying public)
Future Ranch Use – approximately 7% (more PMU mares and studs)
Kill Pens and Auctions
Though it’s difficult as a ‘compassionate human’ to watch videos of animals suffering, one must recognize their own personal involvement when they support these industries that support animal cruelty.
Horsemeat – Shipments to Japan
“The majority of air exports of horses to Japan depart from Calgary, and the flights take 10 to 12 hours. The combined land and flight travel in Canada and Japan can be completed in less than 28 hours. Prior to February 2020, the maximum transport time was 36 hours.” – Government of Canada
These cramped and confined animals are not given access to food or water during this time. More animal cruelty and neglect at every part of the PMU industry.
According to Naeric, today in Canada, “because of the limited number of horses bred by these reputable equine ranchers and breeders, the foals are in high demand by horsemen of all disciplines throughout North America and some foreign countries”.
I guess that some of these babies being sold to ‘potential adopters’ instead of ‘kill buyers’ is some progress. This is better than past statistics where the “most of them go to feedlots and then to slaughter” (Battista 2004).
But don’t fall for their words written, without reading between the lines. Their own current statements tell another story.
“Animal cruelty laws and government regulations do not apply to the treatment of mares on Premarin farms. Instead, the standard of care is dictated only by an inadequate “code” which is poorly enforced. Thus the horses receive virtually no legal protection”. – (LCA. 2003). Though an antiquated quote, the industry rule hasn’t changed a bit.
Premarin and horse slaughter
What can you do if you care about the
suffering of innocent animals (Equines)
who are tortured and abused to make this product?
First. Just be grateful YOU are a compassionate human being who is willing to make the sacrifice of NOT USING THESE PRODUCTS! Your ‘abstinence and spreading the word to others’ will make a huge difference for these suffering horses. Contact you doctor and let them know of your concerns with this handy PDF.
The odds are, your doctor isn’t aware either.
“The world is dangerous place, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do nothing“
– Albert Einstein
Second. Don’t feel bad. Most of you weren’t even aware that these animals were living in vile conditions and were being treated inhumanely, or that you were willingly digesting horse urine. Gross!
But now that you know… take the next step!
“For every 150 women who stop taking Premarin (or other product) one mare is spared from the ‘pee line’ and seven or eight ‘byproduct’ foals will not be slaughtered for their meat.” – Allin 2011
Third. Read and research the products that you are taking.
Not only do they forget to put stuff like ‘horse urine’ in their ads, or the ‘treatment of those horses’, but they also have marketing strategies designed to make you buy their products. They always start with happy and attractive people smiling, and making you think… this could be you, free from discomfort.
We know the routine. By law they have to give you warnings. The AD comes on TV and often they use speed talkers when mentioning the ‘life threatening side effects’, or put them in such small print in the brochures you can’t read them even with a magnifier, or warnings hid deeply within their websites.
Which to be honest, most of you don’t even make it there.
They don’t want these facts known. This is a $$$ billion dollar business after all, and profits are the priority, not you, and definitely not the animal slaves!
All this is intentional marketing in hopes that you miss those negative messages and buy the product anyway. Maybe you won’t notice that the ‘side effects’ are often worse than your symptoms. Sometimes they are even deadly!
Let’s compare the possible side effects and symptoms of perimenopause & menopause.
Without treatment: Irregular periods, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, chills, night sweats, sleep problems, mood changes, weight gain and slowed metabolism, thinning hair, dry skin, loss of breast fullness.
Nothing to over the top is listed here. Most of these are expected as we age, and are normal signs of growing older. We should feel blessed to have this opportunity to get to this age of experience, so many do not.
This is the method I chose. I will say at the time I was unaware of the horse urine meds, but I don’t take much in ‘over the counter’ drugs anyway. I chose to accept what my body was experiencing naturally.
Sometimes it was a blessing, and sometimes it was a curse. But as a woman, since the day I hit puberty, this has been a part of ‘all life’ up to this point. Hasn’t it for you as well? It’s normal, and what was intended by our creator’s design.
With horse urine treatment (HRT) : swelling, depression, skin rash or discoloration, weight gain, weakness, headache, shortness of breath or chest pain, possible breast cancer, increased risk of blood clots, stroke, or heart attack.
This list of side effects came from various websites, and I incorporated them in to one sentence.
Let’s not take my word for it, let’s go straight to the source.
Prempro and Premphase warnings and clinical studies: CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS, BREAST CANCER, ENDOMETRIAL CANCER and PROBABLE DEMENTIA
Let’s start with the Osteoporosis claim. I admit I found it interesting that the Premarin’s warning labels specifically states:
- Help reduce your chances of getting osteoporosis (thin weak bones)
Osteoporosis from menopause is a thinning of the bones that makes them weaker and easier to break. If you use PREMARIN only to prevent osteoporosis due to menopause, talk with your healthcare provider about whether a different treatment or medicine without estrogens might be better for you. Weight-bearing exercise, like walking or running, and taking calcium (1500 mg/day of elemental calcium) and vitamin D (400–800 IU/day) supplements may also lower your chances of getting postmenopausal osteoporosis. It is important to talk about exercise and supplements with your healthcare provider before starting them.
So basically, just exercise daily, and take calcium and a vitamin D supplement.
No need for Premarin’s pricey and potentially deadly medications to ‘help’ you.
The wording ‘help’ isn’t even a valid claim of doing anything!
And here is list of the side effects.
Starting with: mild/moderate/severe
Headache, Breast pain, Irregular vaginal bleeding or spotting, Stomach-abdominal cramps-bloating, Nausea and vomiting, Hair loss, Fluid retention, Vaginal yeast infection / Heart attack, Stroke, Blood clots, Dementia, Breast cancer, Cancer of the lining of the uterus (womb), Cancer of the ovary, High blood pressure, High blood sugar, Gallbladder disease, Liver problems, Enlargement of benign tumors of the uterus (“fibroids”), Severe allergic reactions / New breast lumps, Unusual vaginal bleeding, Changes in vision or speech, Sudden new severe headaches, Severe pains in your chest or legs with or without shortness of breath, weakness and fatigue, Swollen lips tongue and face.
“These are not all the possible side effects of PREMARIN”
Gee… that’s pretty scary!
No mention of ‘horse urine’ unless you know what this is: “contains a mixture of conjugated estrogens.”
What are the long term effects of taking Premarin? Most women continue this treatment for 2-3 years.
“The WHI (Women’s Health Initiative) found an increased risk of blood clots, stroke, or heart attack in people taking Premarin plus a progestin. And an increased risk of stroke when Premarin was used alone. There are symptoms you should never ignore when taking Premarin: Symptoms of blood clots in the lung — shortness of breath or chest pain.” – GoodRX .
Here are a few noted Premarin studies.
“In case you haven’t heard, this study was stopped midway because too many women were suffering, or dying. The landmark clinical trial used Premarin (horse estrogen) and PremPro (horse estrogen and medroxyprogesterone). Both drugs are still sold by prescription in the U.S., despite their harmful side effects.” – Denverpost 2006
“Most of the complaints were filed after a 2002 study by the National Institutes of Health found that women receiving HRT were at a higher risk of breast cancer, strokes and heart attacks. By that time, Prempro and other HRT drugs had been used by more than 6 million women”. As of 2012, “Pfizer was expected to pay a total of about $1.2 billion to settle lawsuits claiming that side effects of Prempro caused women to develop breast cancer.” – About Lawsuits
SO WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?
Dealing with Menopause can be annoying and troublesome. Some women experience it worse than others. Thousands of articles, and studies have been written by both males and females.
But the truth is, like childbirth, you can’t understand it until you’ve experience it yourself. And you really won’t know if doing nothing, is any different than putting these dangerous drugs, that only make claims they ‘might help,’ into your body.
“Some women feel uncomfortable taking hormones made of horse urine and have concerns about the treatment of the horses used in the preparation. This is a legitimate concern on their part, and I agree that they shouldn’t take Premarin if that concept bothers them personally.” – 11
Hopefully, if you care about the treatment of animals and you don’t want to tough it out, there are natural treatments, and “Bioidentical hormones are made in a lab. They are made from compounds found in plants. They have the same structure as the hormones your body makes”. – Alberta Health Services. (2022).
I didn’t have all of the symptoms and it wasn’t always pleasant, but I survived without too much unbearable comfort.
At least I wasn’t a pregnant slave, chained to a tiny stall, or laying in my own feces as they gathered my urine for 6-7 months, and stole all my babies from me for up to twelve years straight (or as long as I produced). Then when I was of no more used to them, sold me to a kill buyer who put me on a 12 hour transport truck, or 28 hour plane to (Japan) to endure a long and brutal journey without food or water. When I arrive at a slaughterhouse in fear and traumatized, where they stuck a knife in my neck (Mexico) or captive bolt to the head which often misses the spot (Canada), and then butchered me while I was still alive and feeling every single bit of pain and agony…. Yeah that happens, and there are videos that prove it! But I’ll leave them out as once you see them, you can’t un-see them.
In my opinion, if I had suffered even a portion of what the horse is forced to endure, that would have been far worse than the ‘few’ side of effects of menopause!
WHEN WE KNOW BETTER, WE DO BETTER!
Here’s the Facts: The original studies, and even the newer studies all say the same thing. HRT treatments using these brands ‘are likely to’ cause seriously health issues, and even death.
Are the menopause symptoms really so bad you would rather risk your life, or theirs?
If you currently take Premarin, Prempak-C, or Premphase, Aprela, Duavee, or another HRT, “ask your doctor about equally effective synthetic or plant-based alternatives, such as Cenestin, Estrace, Estraderm, Ogen, OrthoEst, Estratab, Menest, Estinyl, Estrovirus, OrthoDienestrol, Tace, Climara.” – LCA (2003)
If you need help, and can’t tough it out naturally… There are holistic and alternative treatments, Allin 2020 has covered quite a few. Switch to one today!