NATIONAL HMA

To share direct links for any section below, just add its exact # (with no changes to text or type) to the end of the pages main link. EX: /#law-search

The majority of info, statistics, and records listed here come directly from BLM and the government. They are a self-regulating industry with absolutely NO oversight or accountability. There is no independent accounting of this program at all. Due to this one-sided version it is believed the numbers listed here of wild horse and burro estimates, and removals are inflated, suspect, and inaccurate. We will attempt to prove this with reviewing their claims with attached evidence and links to outside sources that have witnessed discrepancies and inaccuracies over the last 50 years since the passing of the Wild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971


WILD HORSE AND BURRO INFO & STATS

For individual state information and full data base of all WHB related statistics pulled from the entire government records (individual, year by year in PDF and images already completed):


LOOK IT UP YOURSELF – KNOWLEDGE IS POWER

While you can go through the entire ‘Fight for Freedom’ data base and likely find exactly what you are looking for (already completed) in its pages, if you would like to explore our government and see how it works, I’ve pulled all the resources together for easy location so you can also research yourself.

Every link below has ‘direct’ connections to the wild horses & burros across America.


BLM – ALL ACCESS (#BLM)


ENERGY & MINERAL EXTRACTORS: OIL, GAS, MINING



USDA / USFS – GRAZING, CATTLE & MEAT INDUSTRY
(#USDA)


Cattle VS Environment

2022 Renew or Review – How the FLPMA 402(c)2 Loophole Has Limited Public Engagement and Enabled Environmental Degradation on Western Public Lands – WESTERN WATERSHEDS PROJECT




25 years after removal of livestock grazing, the ecosystem is completely restored – HART MOUNTAIN, OR

CONTRACTS, BIDS, & GRANTS
(#contracts)

Fix the issues from the inside



GOVERNMENT, LAWS & POLITICS
(#government)

LAWSUITS & LITIGATION – Wild Horses – coming soon

ACTIONS & BILLS – that affect wild horses

UNDERSTANDING AND EXPLANATIONS

2021 WHE – Overview – How the Burns act affects Wild Horses

HSUSU – fact sheet overview of Burns Act & HR 249


ACTIONS & BILLS by GOVERNMENT

2005 – H.R. 249

2004 – Burns Act – Public Law 108-447 – Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2005.

“amending Section 3 of the Act that removed language which protected the horses and burros from commercial sale (slaughter). He added subsequent paragraphs that included such language as: “sale of excess animals,” “shall be sold if more than 10 years of age or been offered unsuccessfully for adoption three times,” “shall be made available for sale without limitation“and “any excess animals sold under this provision shall no longer be considered to be a free-roaming wild horses or burros for purposes of this Act.” – see 2021 WHE overview







ABUSE, SLAUGHTER INDUSTRY, KILL PENS
(#abuse)

future project…. stay tuned for updates.

SLAUGHTER & ABUSE – IMPORTANT – MUST READS

2015 Inspector General Report Confirms Mass Slaughter of Wild Horses During Reign of Then-Interior Secretary Ken Salazar

2015 – BLM took no responsibility knowing horses went to slaughter, wild horse buyer -Tom Davis walks free

2012 Protectmustangs.org – Horses to Slaughter -Anatomy of a Coverup within the BLM (1997-04-01) PEER report

1997 PEER -WHITE PAPER ‘Original’ Horses to Slaughter – Anatomy of a Cover-up within the BLM

‘Missing’ gov link, how convenient: https://www.doioig.gov/reports/investigative-report-bureau-land-management-wild-horse-buyer Missing link document located here and added above 2015: BLM… : Note…. always save government files for when they ‘disappear’ !


Forced fertility treatments, birth control
(pesticides PZP & GONACON)

(#fertility)

FERTILITY – Studies – Literature – Government

FULL FERTILITY PDF FILES – Reports – Studies – Literature (some with notes and highlights by WHBA)


https://patents.google.com/patent/US10434171B2/en – GnRH

july 6 17 https://www3.epa.gov/pesticides/chem_search/ppls/086833-00001-20170706.pdf – HSUS approval for PZP pesticide label

feb 2 13 Observations of PZP contraceptive use in the Pryor Mountain Herd – Cloud

2013 Contraception can lead to trophic asynchrony between birth pulse and resources  – Ransom, Hobbs, Bruemmer

jun 6 12 Immunocontraceptive Reproductive Control Utilizing Porcine Zona Pellucida (PZP) in Federal Wild Horse Populations – Jay Kirkpatrick PHD – Director of SCC

feb 2004 GonaCon Versatile GnRH Contraceptive for a Large Variety of Pest Animal Problems

2002 (RV 2005) Treatment of wild horse mares with the immunocontraceptive porcine zonae pellucida vaccine : effects on populations and behavior by Singer, Francis JCoates-Markle, L. (Linda)Hobbs, N. ThompsonLubow, BruceMcCue, Patrick MKirkpatrick, Jay FCothran, E. Gus, 1951-United States. Bureau of Land ManagementNational Wild Horse and Burro Program (U.S.)Geological Survey (U.S.) Biological Resources DivisionColorado State University. Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory

1990 Fertility control in wild horses : final report – Universtiy of Minnesota / BLM library
June 1985, the BLM issued solicitation AA852-RP5-27′ which described three separate studies. We answered Part Three – of this solicitation, entitled “Fertility Control in WH Populations.” This report is composed of five summary papers. (pg4) 48 of the Clan Alpine animals died inside the capture area as they never found their way outside a small gap in the fence in unfamilar terrain.

GENETICS – Studies – Literature – Government – Letters #genetics

2013 HMA Genetic Viability Statistics – it shows only 28 out of 177 Herd Area’s meet acceptable level of  ‘genetic diversity’ criteria.  #2013herdgenetics

2013 A WAY FORWARD (pg 192) genetic table

2010 BLM handbook – 4.4.6.3 Herd Size (pg22)
“A minimum population size of 50 effective breeding animals (i.e., a total population size of
about 150-200 animals) is currently recommended to maintain an acceptable level of genetic
diversity within reproducing WH&B populations (Cothran, 2009). This number is required to
keep the rate of loss of genetic variation at 1 percent per generation. Animal interchange
between adjacent HMAs with smaller population sizes may reduce the need for maintaining
populations of this size within each individual HMA. Research has not yet established a
recommended minimum breeding herd size for burros.”

But according to Cothran he stated: “The minimum effective population size for maintenance of genetic variation in endangered species of managed populations is 50 but it must be understood that this number is what is required to keep the rate of loss of genetic variation at 1% per generation. Note, there is loss. Also, the key word is minimum and 50 is an absolute minimum. As has been stressed several times, the effective population is generally 1/4th to1/3rd of census population so that a census population size of 150 to 200 is required to achieve the minimum effective population size.”

“It is also important to understand that within a closed population, genetic
diversity does not increase without the input of new genetics from an outside source. What this
means is that if the size of a population is lowered and genetic variation is lost, which is
inevitable, then enlarging the population size does not increase the genetic variation, it only
slows the rate of loss of existing variation.”

“Loss of population size can occur by environmental conditions as well as by human interventions. My purpose here is to make sure that it is understood what the potential consequences of a reduction in population size are in terms of genetic diversity. Although genetic diversity in the PMWH has been relatively high, significant loss of genetic diversity can occur within a period of one of two generations within a small population.”

To read his letter in full: 2009 Dr Cothran’s letter to BLM #2009cothranletter




GET THE WORD OUT, MAKE SOME NOISE
(#contact)


NEWS & VIDEO
(#news-&-video)



THE WILD HORSE ADVOCACY TEAM & WILD HORSE ENEMIES



This NATIONAL – HMA data base project will include gatherable information from a multitude of verified sources and combine it all together for a complete access point for wild horses and burros (WHB) state by state. It will show you FACTS and links to BLM, ROUNDUPS, MEDIA, ADVOCATES, SANCTUARIES, NON PROFITS, YEARLY HISTORY, STATISTICS, RECORDS OF ABUSE, RESEARCH, POLITICS, SLAUGHTER RECORDS, CATTLE INDUSTRY, and any other important data for complete oversight in relation to the BLM’s activity related to the Herd Management Area’s of this nation’s wild horse herds.

10 thoughts on “NATIONAL HMA

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  1. You are a jewel, a wonderful sparkling diamond. I could never what you have done. i wish ALL hose advocats, experienced or not, should read every bit of your site!

  2. Thanks for this great compilation of facts and figures and guidance on how to act to reverse the terrible injustice to America’s last wild horses and burros!

  3. Please request your ELECTEDS to facilitate the addition of America’s Wild Horses as a Native American Cultural Resource to amend the fatally flawed resource management plans as I sent to Sara Bronin. https://www.ctpublic.org/news/2021-06-26/sara-bronin-taking-white-house-appointment-to-land-use-council.
    Since the 1976 Kleppe v, New Mexico Supreme Court established the wildlife status for Wild horse and burro herd, the US Fish and Wildlife Service should be accountable for their PROTECTION under the Endangered Species Act. https://www.blm.gov/programs/planning-and-nepa/planning-101/special-planning-designations/acec. . https://www.blm.gov/…/special-planning-designations/acec

    Failure to identify the Wild horse and burro as a Cultural Resource has extinguished many distinct population segments of Native North American Herds. It is the duty of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) to correct this fatal flaw and facilitate the amendment of Resource Management plans.
    In 2015, California legislature added a requirement for incorporating tribal cultural resources into the California Environmental Quality Act. However, existing US laws fail to incorporate assessments of the impacts and effects of proposed projects and activities on communities and American Indian tribes.https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/environmental-practice/article/perspectives-from-the-field-integrating-cultural-impact-assessments-into-environmental-analysis/D52F3CA95D7D714903A9E97BB594019F. The concerns in this article go beyond the scope of historic properties as defined by Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) and includes living cultures and their values as reflected by the environments within which their beliefs systems are based.
    The wild horse/burro as a ”property issue “ was addressed in 1984 when the government had Hughes sign an agreement in which he acknowledged that the adopted horses remained the property of the United States. He was convicted for conversion of government property under Sec 641, a theft provision which requires a showing that the defendant knowingly converted property of the United States. Conversion of the protected inventory/property after capture takes many forms that are prohibited. See https://www.animallaw.info/case/united-states-v-hughes.

    The evolution of the wild horse and burro today has resulted in herds that have been subjected and adapted to the harshest of environments and predators. But can they survive the biggest threat of all…a government with an extinguishment agenda of America’s Protected Icon?

    Mandates see; https://www.achp.gov/blm-npa-executed.
    https://www.achp.gov/digital-library-section-106-landing/achp-policy-statement-controversial-commemorative-works?fbclid=IwAR0Jg1CcXA6Hick-LsA1P0y-vlbIX4IkILJep-cS-WHwKh7X3Ei0C1nNdyI.


    The First Americans, Their Customs, Art, History and How They Lived
    Chief Consultant Stanley Fried PH.d. ,
    Curator Dept of Anthropology: The American Museum of Natural History

    Brief Summary of multiple tribal horse cultural references:
    The Southwest Indians were the first of all tribes to own horses. They initially tended those of the Spaniards and Europeans, and inevitably came to own and selectively manage their own herds. Being responsible for the horses’ care, Tribal women’s lives were also radically altered as her bridal value was calculated on the number of horses her suitor gave her father.
    By 1770 nearly every grassland tribe was well supplied with mounts and became peerless riders and breeders. To the white man coming onto the Plains, these pintos, duns, and splotched cayuses appeared no match for their own heavy grain fed mounts, yet in battle or on the hunt the Indian’s horses far excelled those of the Europeans. See more: https://www.academia.edu/25786156/We_Shall_Remain_A_Native_History_of_Utah_and_America?email_work_card=view-paper.
    The evolution of the wild horse and burro today has resulted in herds that have been subjected and adapted to the harshest of environments and predators. But can they survive the biggest threat of all…a government with an extinguishment agenda of America’s Protected Icon?

    Mandates see; https://www.achp.gov/blm-npa-executed.
    https://www.achp.gov/digital-library-section-106-landing/achp-policy-statement-controversial-commemorative-works?fbclid=IwAR0Jg1CcXA6Hick-LsA1P0y-vlbIX4IkILJep-cS-WHwKh7X3Ei0C1nNdyI.

  4. About extinct,no equine needs fertility control. Court ordered pendley to end roundups and put them back. He instead began historical roundups and haaland stands w dts agenda breaking more laws. The cruelty is heartless. The balance ecosystems cattle are destroying our lands. 1 horse stands amonst thousands of sheep theres No emergency roundup of sheep n cattle! It is a meat mafia. All will die. Its unamerican. They built this country. Foight our wars. Its sickening what blm calls management!

  5. Thank you for from the bottom of my heart for all of this!!! All of God’s creations means everything to me. I protect, preserve, fight and speak up for them! I will share this info with all I know. It is so valuable! ~Tiger

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